August, parents do not have to pay any more money for the last year of daycare

August is actually a relief for many parents.

The first federal state to completely abolish daycare fees is Berlin. Parents will generally no longer have to pay contributions for the care of their children in daycare centers or child minders. From August 1st, childcare will no longer cost anything even for children under one year old; the other five years before the start of school had been gradually exempted from contributions since 2007. In the future, however, parents will have to finance the meals in the daycare centers – usually 23 euros per month.

This is what it looks like in other federal states

In the pioneering state of Rhineland-Palatinate, children aged two and over have been exempt from paying contributions since 2010. In Lower Saxony and Hesse, childcare is free of charge from August 1st for children aged three and over. Brandenburg is also getting involved: from August 1, parents no longer have to pay any more money for the last year of daycare.

Günter Bardeck finds the step towards exemption from contributions long overdue. His five-year-old twin sons and four-year-old daughter are currently attending the summer care of their daycare center in Mellendorf, Lower Saxony. The 47-year-old self-employed from Wedemark near Hanover says: “” So far I have transferred around 600 euros a month for the kindergarten. “”

From August onwards, Bardeck will only pay for the food in the day care center – the care is then free of charge. “” It has been talked about in politics since the 1980s, “says Bardeck. Now it is high time to take the step. Britta Vogl, whose daughter Pauline (4) attends a daycare center in Wedemark, sees it similarly. “” We have three children. When I think about the contributions that come together – that’s enough to buy a small car, “” the bank clerk has calculated.

Free providers fear conversion problems

Federal states such as Thuringia and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania have announced the free daycare center in the long term. In Lower Saxony, only the last year of daycare before starting school was free of charge. State Minister of Culture Grant Hendrik Tonne (SPD) speaks of an “” educational milestone “”. However, there are concerns among the smaller, independent daycare providers: They fear that the short-term change in funding could lead to start-up problems for them in the new daycare year.

How does toll exemption work?

Lower Saxony has budgeted 109 million euros in its supplementary budget for the current year – to compensate for the elimination of parental fees. For 2019, 270 million euros are estimated. An additional 328 million euros are to flow from federal funds by 2022. Instead of the previous 20 percent of personnel costs, the state will initially reimburse the daycare providers 55 percent, and then 58 percent by 2021. For this, both independent and municipal providers should no longer charge fees for care of up to eight hours.

In the coming years billions will flow from the federal government for the daycare centers. Family minister Franziska Giffey (SPD) recently announced at the budget deliberations in the Bundestag that the funds will be increased again. The plan was 3.5 billion euros – now it should be a total of 5.5 billion euros by 2022. The main goal is not to be free of charge, but to improve the care. Daycare centers should benefit from this as well as child day care.

More supervisors, better qualifications

Giffey’s draft for a good daycare law is intended, among other things, to improve the care key and better qualification of the educators. At the same time, however, it should also contribute to lower fees for parents. Giffey is expressly committed to the goal of gradually making day-care centers free of charge. High parental contributions could be a hurdle for attending a day care center or day care, she says.the help essay topics

Recently, the authors of a Bertelsmann study were alarmed: As a result, low-income families are disproportionately burdened with daycare contributions. In many places the fees are graded according to income. Households below the risk of poverty line – according to the study by the Bertelsmann Stiftung – have to spend almost twice as high a proportion of their income on daycare as financially better off families.

Parents at risk of poverty who have less than 60 percent of the average income therefore spend almost ten percent of their total household net income on daycare every month. The average is 118 euros. For families above the poverty line it is 178 euros – but only around five percent of their income. Nationwide, parents spend an average of 5.6 percent of their net income – 173 euros – monthly on day care. In addition, there are additional fees for lunch, hygiene articles and excursions of 45 euros on average. 

Sources used: dpa

Berlin (dpa) – In order to improve the quality of care, Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) wants to give hospitals specific requirements for nursing staff. This emerges from the revised draft for the “Nursing Staff Strengthening Act”, which is available to the “Berliner Zeitung”.

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From 2020, the relationship between the number of nurses and the amount of nursing care incurred should be calculated and published for each hospital. If a hospital falls below a certain limit, there should be fee reductions. The draft law should be passed in the federal cabinet next Wednesday.

Linke boss Bernd Riexinger called for the quick introduction of a legal staffing system in hospitals and a binding staffing key in elderly care. What is needed is needs-based staffing and not a minimal solution. In addition, there must be a training offensive in nursing. The hospitals would have to be obliged to offer 10 percent more training places immediately – that would be 8,000 additional nurses per year. This rate should increase to 20 percent in the next five years.

Berlin (dpa) – Mothers and fathers who raise their children alone often continue to live under precarious financial conditions despite slight improvements.

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The risk of poverty for single parents has decreased slightly in recent years, but it is still well above the population average. This comes from the latest figures from the Federal Statistical Office.

Of the adults and children who live in the household of a single parent, 37.1 percent were still at risk of poverty in 2011 – this rate had fallen to 32.6 percent by 2016. In households in which two adults live with children, however, only 11.0 percent were at risk of poverty. Statisticians consider people to be at risk of poverty when they have less than 60 percent of the average income.

This statistical value has very specific effects for those affected: 39 percent of single parents cannot even afford a one-week vacation trip with their children. In comparison, only 19 percent of the total population involuntarily spend their annual vacation at home.

The Diakonie Deutschland therefore promotes a state basic child security. This is the only way for the affected children to grow up under the same conditions as their financially better-off peers, said Maria Loheide, Diakonie director for social policy, of the German press agency in Berlin. More help with homework or free lunches in daycare and school should be added.

In any case, support is needed, because almost every fifth family is now a single parent household: their share of families has increased from 14 to 19 percent in the past 20 years.

Federal Family Minister Franziska Giffey (SPD) has several projects in the pipeline for them. These include a reform of the child allowance for low-income families and a law for improved daycare. “” Single parents in particular are dependent on good day-care centers and daycare, “explained Giffey. “” The compatibility of family and work will only work if there are good childcare options. “”

That coincides with the findings of statisticians. Of the single mothers – women make up almost 90 percent of the single parents – only 27 percent are gainfully employed until the child’s third birthday. According to the study, more than half of the inactive mothers would be “” interested in taking up a job “”. However, for “” family or personal reasons “” many did not feel able to actually take up employment.

The fact that the risk of poverty among single parents has nevertheless decreased slightly since 2011 can be traced back in the Federal Statistical Office to the political course set in recent years. “The family policy measures are taking effect in this area,” said the authority’s president, Georg Thiel. His speaker, Christian Wingerter, does not see this as the only reason for the cautiously positive trend: the improved situation on the labor market means there are simply more jobs – even for single parents.

Munich (dpa) – Peter Rieger and Manfred Schenk or Serkan Öztürk and Mustafa Pamuk: German names still help in this country when looking for an apartment. However, according to a meta-study from Munich, this discrimination against ethnic minorities is decreasing.

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This applies to countries in Western Europe as well as to the USA, writes the sociologist Katrin Auspurg from the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU). She has published her research in the journal “” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies “”. With her colleagues Andreas Schneck and Thomas Hinz from the University of Konstanz, Auspurg evaluated the results of 71 field experiments between 1973 and 2015.

The researchers also did their own experiments in Munich and other German cities. Here they tested 24 German and 24 Turkish male names in email applications for advertisements. They did not find any strongholds of discrimination.

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Overall, the extent of discrimination is overestimated, Auspurg summarized all studies. “This is also due to the fact that studies that show strong discrimination are more likely to be published.” “Nevertheless, it remains a little more difficult for people with foreign-sounding names to get an apartment. “” To be invited to two viewings, people from an ethnic minority must write six applications, while five is enough for those looking for a home with a surname that is typical of the majority of the population. “”

This is not necessarily about direct discrimination, so Auspurg. Rather, the landlord often concludes from a strange-sounding name that an applicant is less financially strong. “” As soon as additional information on social status and income was provided in the field experiments, the discrimination decreased. “”

Berlin (dpa) – According to data from the European Statistical Office Eurostat, fixed-term and part-time workers can often hardly make a living from their earnings.

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Last year, 18.3 percent of employees with temporary employment were at risk of poverty, writes the “Saarbrücker Zeitung”, citing the survey available to them.